Mining & Gems
Pakistan has excellent mineral potential including precious metals, dimension stones, industrial minerals, rock salt, coal, etc. but the potential has not been developed commensurately. Mismatch primarily due to capital intensive nature of investment. The mining and quarrying sector grew by 7.6% in 2012-13 as against 4.6% for the year before. To date, over 1,400 mining concessions have been granted and the sector contributes 2.4$ to GNP.
Pakistan has a good edge for the gems and jewellery sector, the availability of gemstone as raw material is in abundance as well as the additional factor of low cost of production, talented, energetic, and hard working artisans are the significant promising features for investment. The value addition at source by gem processing will be in the interest investors as the raw material will be readily available and processing can be made comparatively at lower cost.
Infrastructure / Construction
Government of Pakistan (GoP) recognizes the importance of improving and expanding its infrastructure services for sustaining economic and social development. Improved quality and service coverage in power and water supply, sewerage treatment, transport and logistics are vital for Pakistan’s economy and the livelihood of its people.
The construction industry in Pakistan consumes 80% of National Development Budget. Fiscal constraints require innovative approaches - away from the traditional mode of financing by the Government. Accordingly, the GoP has assigned top priority to developing low income housing under Private-Public partnership/Joint Venture.Public Private Partnership (PPP) is considered to be the way forward for development and delivery of infrastructure leveraging private sector financing and expertise. The construction industry had a total value of approx. USD 3.78 billion in 2012 and this value is expected to rise to around USD 10.4 billion by 2020.
To effectively govern, facilitate the development and efficiently administer the PPP projects in Pakistan, PPP policy has been developed at the Federal level. Federal PPP policy has been approved by the Economic Coordination Committee of the Cabinet.